Tag Archives: ubuntu

GNU Make, double quotes and lists

Our lead operations engineer, Scott, put together a nice system called fpm-recipes using Git, GNU Make and FPM to keep track of how we build DEB packages of various things at Disqus. Instead of each ops engineer having their own way for building packages that are stored in various places (IE: shell history) we now have a centralized and standardized system. No more do we have to ask each other to update a package they maintain or curse ourselves for not saving the steps somewhere organized/accessible.

In no time I was able to get erlang-nox and zeromq recipes written (since they haven’t been updated in Ubuntu 10.04 LTS (Lucid Lynx) in ages). However, when I went back and tried to add their dependencies, things got a little hairy. GNU Make’s foreach function assumes lists “are whitespace-separated words”, so having something like DEPENDS := "libuuid1 (>= 2.16)" really doesn’t work as intended when passing it to foreach. So I wrote a function, quoted_map, that will map another function of a quoted list of strings. In fpm-recipes, it adds the -d and makes sure it’s quote (-d "libuuid1 (>= 2.16)") and adds to the FPM args list.

See the code: Continue reading

limits.conf and daemons on Ubuntu

I recently was setting up a couple ElasticSearch and RabbitMQ instances when I noticed RabbitMQ was still reporting an abysmally low fd limit in its log file at startup. I double checked my /etc/security/limits.conf and sure enough, limits were properly set to 64000. Yet for some reason it was still only seeing a max of 1024.

It turns out that in Ubuntu 10.04, /etc/pam.d/common-session{,-noninteractive} does not contain:

session required pam_limits.so

Adding that, solved my issue:

=INFO REPORT==== 1-Feb-2012::00:05:47 ===
Limiting to approx 63900 file handles (57508 sockets)

UPDATE (Wed Apr 18 15:01:17 PDT 2012)
For RabbitMQ 2.8.x, the init script uses start-stop-daemon. Apply this patch:

--- /etc/init.d/rabbitmq-server.old	2012-04-18 21:54:05.852307662 +0000
+++ /etc/init.d/rabbitmq-server	2012-04-18 21:49:17.594182809 +0000
@@ -35,6 +35,8 @@
 set -e
+[ -r /etc/default/${NAME} ] && . /etc/default/${NAME}
 ensure_pid_dir () {
     PID_DIR=`dirname ${PID_FILE}`
     if [ ! -d ${PID_DIR} ] ; then

And then in /etc/default/rabbitmq-server

ulimit -n 65000

Installing PostgreSQL 9.0 on Ubuntu 10.04

PostgreSQL 9.0 final was released on 2010/09/20 which I’ve been waiting for to begin playing with it and evaluating it. The mainline Ubuntu Lucid apt repositories only have 8.4. According to the package maintainer, Martin Pitt, the postgresql-9.0 package won’t be added until Ubuntu Natty. Thankfully, he setup a backports repo for Ubuntu that we can pull from.
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